Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed using a laparoscope, a thin fiber-optic instrument with a camera and lens attached to it. A laparoscope can be used for diagnosing and treating various conditions.
Laparoscopy in gynecology is used to check for any abnormalities in the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and other organs which are not evident by other diagnostic procedures such as X-rays and other scans. Laparoscopy is used to diagnose and treat the conditions of pelvic pain, infertility, fibroids, cysts, tumors, endometriosis, ectopic (tubal) pregnancies, pelvic inflammatory disease, and other gynecological problems.
Pelvic pain is one of the common gynecological problems which may be caused by various conditions. Assessing the exact cause of pain is essential to treat the condition. Use of a laparoscope helps in assessing the exact cause of the pain such as the presence of scar tissue, infections, ovarian cysts, gastrointestinal problems, urinary problems, musculoskeletal problems, and other conditions.
During the procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the abdomen, usually at or below the belly button, and inserts a tube through which the laparoscope is introduced into the abdomen. A laparoscope helps in examining the pelvis and the images can be viewed on the large screen. A special contrast dye may also be injected before the procedure for better visualization of the fallopian tubes. After the procedure, the incisions are closed with stitches and covered with bandages.