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  • Fibroids Fibroids

    The uterus, also called the womb, is a female reproductive organ where a baby grows during pregnancy. Fibroids refer to noncancerous growths that can develop in the tissues of the uterus. This is a common health condition affecting women in the reproductive ages between 16 to 50 years.

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  • Endometriosis Endometriosis

    Endometriosis is a common gynecological problem affecting women of reproductive age. It occurs when the tissues of the uterus start growing on surfaces of other organs in the pelvis.

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  • Supervision of High-Risk Pregnancy Supervision of High-Risk Pregnancy

    A high-risk pregnancy is a pregnancy that poses a threat to a woman before or during pregnancy, or after delivery. A high-risk pregnancy demands regular monitoring and special care of both the baby and mother throughout the pregnancy.

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  • Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

    Menstruation occurs every 21 to 35 days in every woman. Abnormal vaginal bleeding is any bleeding unrelated to normal menstruation. This may be spotting of small amounts of blood (between periods), or menstrual flow which is heavier than normal.

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  • Adolescence Gynecological Problems Adolescence Gynecological Problems

    The gynecological problems in adolescence are different from that of adults and these conditions may be caused by other disease conditions or hormonal imbalance.

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  • Amenorrhea Amenorrhea

    Amenorrhea is the absence of bleeding. It occurs as a natural process during pregnancy, breastfeeding, and menopause. In other cases, it is considered a medical condition. A girl is said to have amenorrhea if she has not started her menstrual cycle by the age of 15 years or has missed 3 consecutive periods.

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  • Asherman’s Syndrome (Uterine Adhesions) Asherman’s Syndrome (Uterine Adhesions)

    Asherman’s syndrome, also known as uterine adhesions, is a rare, acquired medical condition of the uterus that is characterized by the formation of scar tissue or adhesions in the uterine cavity and changes in the menstruation cycle. The scar tissue or adhesions make the walls of the uterus fuse or stick together, reducing the size of the uterus leading to gynecologic abnormalities.

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  • Back Pain During Pregnancy Back Pain During Pregnancy

    Back pain is a common complaint during pregnancy. Most women experience back pain at some point during pregnancy, usually in the later months, in addition to morning sickness, food cravings, and weight gain.

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  • Chronic Pelvic Pain Chronic Pelvic Pain

    Chronic pelvic pain can be caused by different conditions that may or may not be related to reproductive organs such as pain due to urinary tract conditions. Cause for the pain may be unknown in some cases.

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  • Cystic Fibrosis: Prenatal Screening and Diagnosis Cystic Fibrosis: Prenatal Screening and Diagnosis

    Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a genetically inherited disorder affecting children and young adults. This disorder leads to problems with digestion and respiration and can shorten the life-span of an individual.

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  • Dysmenorrhea Dysmenorrhea

    Period pain or dysmenorrhea is a condition of painful menstrual periods. Menstrual cramps or pain is felt in the abdominal areas and can occur before the menstrual cycle begins and can continue for 2 to 3 days.

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  • Early Pregnancy Complications Early pregnancy complications

    Pregnancy is an exciting time for women, but complications may develop sometimes even in healthy women. Early pregnancy complications are the health problems that occur during the early period or first few months (first trimester) of pregnancy.

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  • Early Preterm Birth Early Preterm Birth

    A normal pregnancy is of about 40 weeks duration. A baby born between weeks 32 and 37 of pregnancy is a preterm baby. An early preterm birth occurs when a baby is born before 32 weeks. Early preterm babies often have serious, long-term health problems.

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  • Ectopic Pregnancy Ectopic Pregnancy

    Ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that is not in the usual place within the uterus but develops outside the uterus (womb). The most commonplace that ectopic pregnancy occurs is in one of the fallopian tubes (tubes that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus).

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  • Excessive Bleeding (DUB) Excessive Bleeding (DUB)

    Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB), also referred to as abnormal uterine bleeding, is any unusual or heavy vaginal bleeding unrelated to normal menstruation. Normal menstruation occurs every 21 to 35 days in women.

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  • Fallopian Tube Issues Fallopian Tube Issues

    Fallopian tubes are a pair of slender tubes in the female reproductive system that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. Any damage to the tubes can affect the fertilization of the egg by the sperm. Pelvic surgeries and infections can cause the formation of scar tissue that can damage your fallopian tubes.

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  • Gynecologic Cancers Gynecologic Cancers

    Cancers that occur in the female reproductive system are called gynecologic cancers and involve the organs such as the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, peritoneum, cervix, vulva, and vagina.

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  • Gynecologic Pain Gynecologic Pain

    Gynecologic pain is a discomfort felt in the pelvis or the lowest part of the abdomen in women that may occur from urinary, reproductive, digestive, or musculoskeletal sources.

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  • Infertility Infertility

    The inability of women to conceive after a year of having unprotected sex, or the inability of women to sustain pregnancy is known as infertility.

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  • Male Infertility Male Infertility

    Male infertility is a common reproductive problem affecting men, where the male is unable to contribute to a pregnancy. When couples are not able to conceive even after having unprotected sex for over a year, it is important for both partners to be examined by their physician. Up to 1 out of 3 infertility cases are linked partly to issues with the male partner.

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  • Menorrhagia Menorrhagia

    Menorrhagia is a condition characterized by abnormally heavy or extended menstrual bleeding. With menorrhagia, you may have adequate blood loss and pain that disturbs your normal activities.

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  • Menstrual Disorders Menstrual Disorders

    Menstruation is a major stage of puberty in girls and refers to physiological changes happening in women at regular intervals of 21-35 days. The menstrual period prepares women for sexual reproduction and fertilization and having a regular menstrual cycle is a clear sign of a healthy individual.

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  • Multiple Pregnancy Multiple Pregnancy

    A pregnancy with more than one baby growing inside the womb at the same time is called a multiple pregnancy.

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  • Obstetric Injuries Obstetric Injuries

    Obstetrics is the branch of science that deals with the study of childbirth and the changes and complications associated with it. Obstetric injury refers to any injury that occurs in women either during childbirth or soon after delivery.

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  • Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer

    Ovarian cancer begins in the ovaries which are a part of the female reproductive system. There are two ovaries present, about the size of an almond, one on each side of your uterus. They are involved in the production of the female hormones- estrogen and progesterone and the female sex cells called eggs.

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  • Ovarian Cysts Ovarian Cysts

    Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid that form inside or on the ovaries. Ovarian cysts are very common and often don't have any symptoms. They are usually harmless and may disappear without treatment.

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  • Pelvic Congestion Syndrome Pelvic Congestion Syndrome

    Pelvic Congestion Syndrome (PCS), also known as pelvic venous insufficiency, is one of the causes of chronic pelvic pain in women. PCS is characterized by worsening pelvic pain on sitting or standing for a long time but is relieved on lying flat. The pain can also be worse following urination or menstrual periods or intercourse.

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  • Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

    Pelvic floor dysfunction is the inability to control the muscles of the pelvic floor. Pelvic floor muscles are a group of muscles and ligaments in the pelvic region that support the bladder, uterus, vagina, and rectum and help in the functioning of these pelvic organs.

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  • Pelvic Floor Pain Pelvic Floor Pain

    Pelvic floor pain is a condition characterized by pain in the pelvic area due to weakness, spasm, or injury to the pelvic floor muscles, causing dysfunction.

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  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

    Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is characterized by infection of the female reproductive organs, such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It is mostly acquired through unsafe sexual practices and is one of the most serious consequences of sexually transmitted diseases (STD).

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  • Pelvic or Abdominal Mass Pelvic or Abdominal Mass

    A pelvic or abdominal mass is a swelling or enlargement in the pelvic area due to problems either in the gynecologic organs, such as the uterus or cervix or in the abdominal organs, such as the bladder, kidneys, and intestines.

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  • Pelvic Organ Prolapses Pelvic organ prolapses

    The pelvic floor is a set of muscles that form a hammock or sling around the opening of the pelvis. The pelvic organs, such as the womb (uterus), rectum, and bladder, are held in position by the pelvic floor muscles and the surrounding tissues.

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  • Pelvic Pain Pelvic Pain

    Pelvic pain is pain that occurs in the lower abdomen and pelvis. The pelvic region is the area between the umbilicus (belly button) and the groin in the front and between the buttocks at the back.

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  • Utero-Vaginal Prolapse Utero-Vaginal Prolapse

    Utero-vaginal prolapse is a downward movement of the uterus and/or vagina. The main cause of the prolapse is the weakness in the supporting tissues of the uterus and vagina.

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American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists American College of Surgeons American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology